With so many basements flooding these days, many different models of sump pump systems have been designed to handle this. The most common of these sump pumps are pedestal sump pumps, submersible pumps, water-powered sump pumps, and floor-sucker models. Basement Systems’® Research & Development department has carefully researched each sump pump model available on the market to determine which model we’re willing to stand by when we waterproof your basement.
Below, we’ve provided a review of all four major sump pump designs, including the strengths and weaknesses of each one. Read on to see how we select our system, and which one is right for you.
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1. Pedestal Sump Pump Systems
Pedestal sump pumps are pumps that are not meant to be submerged in water. These pumps are mounted above the water line, with a long line from the float switch down into the pit.
- Higher Capacity — Pedestal sump pumps are one of the higher-capacity sump pumps available on the market. They’re more capable to keep up with heavy volumes of water than some models.
- Frequent Malfunctions — These low-end pumps are notorious for early burnout. Pedestal pumps also wander in their sump pits and can jam their sump pump switch on the side, forcing it to stay on or off.
- Noisy Operation — Because the motor is out of the sump pit, the noise from the pump cannot be muffled by a lid. Pedestal pumps usually stand in open pits, which let in odors and humidity.
2. Submersible Sump Pump Systems
Submersible Sump Pumps are installed in a sump pit and are meant to be immersed in water when operating. The water cools the unit to help prevent burnouts, while the sump pit can be covered for noise reduction.
- High Capacity Operation — Submersible sump pumps are high-capacity units that can keep any basement or crawl space dry. When combined with a battery backup submersible pump, they provide the best protection of available models.
- Long Lifespan — Because the cast iron housing around the motor can disperse heat naturally into the water, these self-cooling pumps are long-lasting and offer reliable protection for your home.
- Initial Investment — While a submersible sump pump will outlast several generations of similar pumps, they cost slightly more on their initial investment than comparable alternatives.
3. Water-Powered Sump Pumps
Water-powered sump pumps are installed above the pump pit and are powered by your water supply instead of electricity. These systems use your town's water supply and depend on your home’s water pressure for pumping capacity.
- Runs Without Electricity— Water-powered sump pumps operate by using your local water supply to help discharge water, allowing them to run through many power outages. 3-5 gallons will be used for each gallon of groundwater discharged.
- Long Lifespan– These pumps are long-lasting, durable systems that should continue operation for many years.
- Low Pumping Capacity— Unfortunately, water-powered sump pumps run at very low capacity. Heavy rains and water volumes will quickly overwhelm these systems.
- Requires High Home Water Pressure— If your home has low water pressure, it will greatly affect how useful these pumps are. If you experience a temporary loss of water pressure, they may fail to operate entirely.
4. Floor Sucker Sump Pump Systems
Floor sucker sump pumps will only switch on after the basement has already flooded. They’re often used by contractors and many homeowners as an emergency pump to suck the water off of the floor before installing a better waterproofing system.
- Requires No Sump Pit or French Drain — Floor suckers sit directly on the basement floor. There’s no need to install a perimeter French drain or sump pit.
- No Installation Time — These pumps are ready for use immediately, making them a good option for emergency use, or to clear out flooded waters before installing a different system.
- Does Not Stop Flooding — Your basement must flood with more than 1/8″ of water before this pump begins operation. If you’re paying to dry your basement, this is not a solution.
- Loud and Low Capacity — These pumps are low-end models that will not be able to keep up with heavy floods. The pump operation, sucking sounds, and discharge line will all contribute to significant noise during operation.